बरे होणे 

संदीप नूलकर
गुरुवार, 21 फेब्रुवारी 2019

शब्दाशब्दांत
 

काय सांगताय काय!
Free of आणि free from यांचा समानार्थी वाक्‍प्रचारासारखा उपयोग करताना ऐकले आहे. उदा. It was finally in 1947 that we were free of the British. 
हे वाक्‍य अर्थातच बरोबर नाही. Of आणि From यापैकी आपण नेमका कोणता शब्दयोगी अव्यय, म्हणजेच preposition, वापरावे हे आपल्याला काय म्हणायचे आहे त्यावर अवलंबून असते. 
Free of चा अर्थ आहे Clear of, untainted by, without, शिवाय. परंतु, Free from चा अर्थ आहे, Liberated from, no longer oppressed by, पासून मुक्त. 
त्यामुळे वरील वाक्‍यात free from चा उपयोग करणे योग्य ठरेल. It was finally in 1947 that we were free from the British. Free of चा उपयोग करून रचलेल्या वाक्‍याचे एक उदाहरण The company claimed that their product was free of any contamination.

आहेत असेही काही शब्द! 
शब्द ः Eschew (verb) 
उच्चार ः एसच्यु. 
व्युत्पत्ती ः From Old French eschiver ‘shun, eschew, avoid, 
dispense with,‘ from Proto-Germanic *skeukhwaz (source also of Old High German sciuhen ‘to avoid, escape,‘ German scheuen ‘to fear, shun, shrink from,‘ scheu ‘shy, timid‘)
अर्थ ः Deliberately avoid using, abstain from, टाळणे. 
वापर ः The leader appealed to his followers to eschew violence.

शब्द ः  Escrow (noun) 
उच्चार ः एसक्रो. 
व्युत्पत्ती ः From Anglo-French escrowe, from Old French escroe ‘scrap, small piece, rag, tatter, single parchment,‘ from a Germanic source akin to Old High German scrot ‘a scrap, shred, a piece cut off‘. Originally a deed delivered to a third person until a future condition is satisfied, which led to sense of ‘deposit held in trust or security.‘
अर्थ ः The state of being kept in custody or trust until a specified condition has been fulfilled, टोचणे, खुपसणे. 
वापर ः It was revealed during the course of the enquiry that the Minister had received money via an escrow account.

परदेशी पाहुणे 
The English language has borrowed the word ’wiki’ (विकी) from Hawaiian. It means, fast, पटकन, जोरात, जलद. 
वापर ः Wiki wiki web was the first-ever user-editable website.

वा! वा! वाक्‌प्रचार 
The weakest link म्हणजे The point at which a system, sequence, or organization is most vulnerable; the least dependable element or member, सर्वांत कमी भरवशाची गोष्ट किंवा व्यक्ती. 
वापर ः The replacement batsman was actually the team’s weakest link. 
In the matter of म्हणजे As regards, च्या बाबतीत. 
वापर ः He was highly respected in the matter of financial matters.

गल्लत करू नका 
Heal (verb) (अनेक अर्थांपैकी एक अर्थ) म्हणजे To cause a wound, injury or person to become sound or healthy again, बरे होणे. 
Heel (noun) म्हणजे The back part of the human foot below the ankle, टाच. 
Heal : Having lost both her parents suddenly in an accident, she knew she would take a long time to heal. 
Heel : The heel injury that he had picked up, kept him away from competitive tennis.

ही कुठली भाषा? 
काल्पनिक, अति सामान्य माणसाला काहीतरी नाव देण्याच्या हेतूने आपण मराठीमध्ये ‘सोम्या गोम्या’ म्हणतो, त्याला ब्रिटनमध्ये बोलल्या जाणाऱ्या इंग्रजीमध्ये Joe Bloggs असे म्हणतात, तर अमेरिकेमध्ये बोलल्या जाणाऱ्या इंग्रजीमध्ये त्याला Joe Blow असे म्हणतात.

जमली आमची जोडी 
Poke आणि fun या नामांचा एकत्र वापर केला जातो. 
उदा.: Sheetal was tired of her friends constantly poking fun at her. 
अर्थ : Poke fun म्हणजे to tease, to make fun of, चेष्टा करणे.

Have हे क्रियापद आणि party या नामाचा एकत्र वापर केला जातो. 
उदा.: Shruti left office earlier than usual because she had a party at her place that evening. 
अर्थ : Have a party म्हणजे to have a social gathering of invited guests, typically involving eating, drinking, and entertainment, खाणे-पिणे व मजा करण्यासाठी लोकांना बोलावणे.

आजच्या ठळक बातम्या 
बातमी ः Didi makes the first move 
बातमीचा अर्थ ः Mamata Banerjee makes the first move with an eye on the 2019 Lok Sabha Elections. 
स्पष्टीकरण ः This headline uses ’Didi’ to refer to Trinamool Congress leader Mamata Banerjee. The phrase ’to make the first move’ is used in the context of the recent Unity Rally that was organized by Mamata Banerjee in Kolkata where she united all major opposition parties to fight the BJP. The headline implies how in doing so she was the first one to make a strategic move with an eye on the 2019 Lok Sabha Elections, putting pressure on the ruling party to respond.

शब्द एक, अर्थ दोन 
Lodge (verb) (अनेक अर्थांपैकी एक अर्थ) to make an official complaint about something, तक्रार करणे. 
उदा. The girl threatened to lodge a complaint if the boy did not stop following her. 

Lodge (noun) (अनेक अर्थांपैकी एक अर्थ) म्हणजे a small house in the country, a hotel providing overnight lodging to traveller, प्रवाशांची रात्रीच्या मुक्कामाची सोय करणारे हॉटेल. 
उदा. It was a cozy lodge, surrounded by mountains and a lot of greenery. 

Pass (noun) (अनेक अर्थांपैकी एक अर्थ) म्हणजे a complimentary ticket, विनामूल्य मिळालेले तिकीट. 
उदा. He had free passes to the show and so had invited his closest friends to join him. 

Pass (noun) (अनेक अर्थांपैकी एक अर्थ) म्हणजे an amorous or sexual advance made to someone, प्रेमापोटी अथवा लैंगिक हेतूने वागणे. 
उदा. The girl was fed up of the group of boys making passes at her.

संबंधित बातम्या